1Source Rates Common Body Lotion Products

Summer is officially over in the northern hemisphere. As we near cooler days and shorter evenings, we start stocking up moisturizers and body lotions to protect our skin against harsh weather. However, with so many products lining supermarket shelves, how to choose the most suitable products?

20201010 at a popular chain store in HK

We got you! Our team recently compiled a list of common body lotion products found in local drug stores and supermarkets in Hong Kong. From budget prices to high end brands, 1Source has analyzed the product contents through its system and came up with a Potential Risk Index and short description for each product.

Body Lotions we analyzed:

Popular products in Hong KongPotential Risk Index®
Cerave Itch Relief Moisturizing Cream10
Chloe Love Story Body Lotion10
Collagen by Watsons Shea Butter Softening Body Lotion10
Nivea Body Moisturising Mousse10
Philosophy Living Grace Firming Body Emulsion10
The Body Shop Vegan British Rose Body Yoghurt10
Aesop Protective Body Lotion SPF506
Aveeno Daily Moisturizing Stress Relief Lotion 6
Johnsons Body Care Lotion6
Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair6
QV Skin Lotion Repair Skin6
Cerave Moisturising Lotion For Dry to Very Dry Skin5
Locccitane Shea Butter Ultra Rich Body Cream5
Nivea Intensive moisture Body Milk 48H5
Crabtree Evelyn Gardeners Body Lotion New4
Derma 365 Gentle Lotion4
Kundal Body Lotion4
Cetaphil Pro Ad Derma Skin Restoring Moisturizer3
Physiogel Daily Moisture Therapy Body Lotion3

QV Skin Lotion Repair Skin

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 6

Comments:

  • Contains methylparaben , which is proven to be carcinogenic when bound to human estrogen receptor

Aveeno Daily Moisturizing Stress Relief Lotion (Lavender, Chamomile, Ylang- Ylang)

Aveeno Daily Moisturizing Stress Relief Lotion, With Lavender, Chamomile + Ylang-Ylang 艾惟諾 天然薰衣草舒緩保濕乳

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 6

Comments:

  • Contains benzyl alcohol which is found to be strongly linkedin to the incidence of brain damage among infants

Kundal Honey & Macadamia Body Lotion, Baby Powder

Kundal Honey & Macadamia Body Lotion, Baby Powder 蜂蜜堅果保濕潤膚乳 爽身粉香

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 4

Derma365 Gentle Lotion, Suitable For Eczema, Dry And Itchy Skin

Derma365 Gentle Lotion, Suitable For Eczema, Dry And Itchy Skin

Potential Health Index:

potential risk index 4

Comments:


Cetaphil PRO AD Derma Body Skin Restoring Moisturizer

Cetaphil PRO AD Derma Body Skin Restoring Moisturizer 舒特膚 倍加護潤膚霜

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 3

Comments: No ingredients rated above 4


Physiogel DAILY MOISTURE THERAPY BODY LOTION

Physiogel DAILY MOISTURE THERAPY BODY LOTION

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 3

Comments: No ingredient above rating 4


Cerave Moisturizing Lotion For Dry To Very Dry Skin

Cerave Moisturising Lotion For Dry To Very Dry Skin

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 5

Comments:

  • Contains phenoxyethanol, a potential irritant to skin and banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Contains methylparaben , which is proven to be carcinogenic when bound to human estrogen receptor

Cerave Itch Relief Moisturizing Cream

Cerave Itch Relief Moisturizing Cream

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:


Nivea Intensive Moisture Body Milk 48H

Nivea Intensive Moisture Body Milk 48H

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 5

Comments:


Nivea Body Moisturising Mousse Fresh Cucumber & Matcha Tea Fragrance 48H

Nivea Body Moisturising Mousse Fresh Cucumber & Matcha Tea Fragrance 48H

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:

  • Contains phenoxyethanol, a potential irritant to skin and banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Contains Butane which is on the Canada Ingredient Hotlist of ingredients prohibited for use in cosmetic products in 2019

Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair Body Lotion

Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair Body Lotion

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 6

Comments:

  • Contains phenoxyethanol, a potential irritant to skin and banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Contains methylparaben , which is proven to be carcinogenic when bound to human estrogen receptor

Johnson’s Body Care Aroma Milk, Rose & Jasmine

Johnson'S Body Care Aroma Milk, Rose & Jasmine エクストラケア アロマローション

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 6

Chloé Love Story Body Lotion

Chloé Love Story Body Lotion

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:

  • Contains colorant red4, which is prohibited in cosmetic products according to EU CosIng Annex II in 2017 and 2018
  • Contains oxybenzone, functions as physical sunscreen that is banned in 2018 for commercial uses as it is found to be a serious water contaminant to coral reefs under Hawaii Senate Bill 2571
  • Oxybenzone may cause skin irritation and allergic skin reaction
  • Contains Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, which functions as sunscreen and is found to behave as an endocrine disrupter

Aesop Protective Body Lotion SPF50

Aesop Protective Body Lotion SPF50

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 6

Comments:

  • Contains octocrylene, which functions as a chemical filter and is found to be a strong allergen leading to contact dermatitis in children and mostly photoallergic contact dermatitis in adults

Philosophy Living Grace Firming Body Emulsion

Philosophy Living Grace Firming Body Emulsion

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:


Collagen By Watsons Shea Butter Softening Body Lotion

Collagen By Watsons Shea Butter Softening Body Lotion

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:


L’Occitane Shea Butter Ultra Rich Body Cream

L'Occitane Shea Butter Ultra Rich Body Cream

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 5

Comments:

Contains phenoxyethanol, a potential irritant to skin and banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site


Crabtree & Evelyn GARDENERS BODY LOTION (New)

Crabtree & Evelyn GARDENERS BODY LOTION (New)

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 4

Comments:


The Body Shop Vegan British Rose Body Yogurt

The Body Shop Vegan British Rose Body Yogurt

Potential Risk Index:

potential risk index 10

Comments:

  • Contains colorant Red 4 which is prohibited in cosmetic products according to the EU CosIng Annex II 2017 and 2018

Here is what we learnt about body lotions:

  • A product may be popular or has a good reputation but contain unsafe ingredients within certain products
  • Higher pricing does not guarantee products with safer ingredients
  • Just because a product is common and you see it everywhere does not mean all its ingredients are safe

Just because a brand is popular or has a good reputation doesn’t mean that all its products are completely safe. This is because ingredients within a product varies among different products, hence the importance of using an ingredient analyzer site to scan product ingredients to ensure the safety of you and your family.

6 Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies

Natural is becoming the more sought after method of treatment due to the many hazardous ingredients that are in shelved products. The ingredient label doesn’t tell you much about what is inside a product. There is no clear indication of what ingredients are safe and which ones are hazardous.

What natural remedies are out there that can help with our skincare routine? Here are 6 to get you started!

1. Coconut Oil

Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies – Coconut Oil

Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Coconut oil is 99% fat, composed mainly of saturated fats. It has various applications.

A natural remedy that is recommended by the National Eczema Association as it can help prevent infection. It is highly recommended for those with patches of inflamed skin that are prone to cracking and oozing. The antibacterial abilities of coconut oil can reduce staph bacteria on the skin.

Coconut can be used as a natural moisturizer. It is made by extracting from the coconut meat. Choosing the right product is vital, as virgin or cold-pressed coconut oils are the ones without chemicals.

2. Chamomile

Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies – Chamomile

Something I used as a child and saw great improvements to my Eczema. Highly known for its antioxidant properties, Chamomile is a medicinally recognized plant that promotes skin health by tightening the skin and improving complexion.

2014 study showed that Chamomile lotion can be equally effective as hydrocortisone, making it a natural alternative to the cream.

Chamomile cream/lotion can be bought over-the-counter, so no prescription is needed. Chamomile tea can be used to massaged into the skin as an alternative.

3. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)

Apple cider vinegar has many uses, but did you know it can be used as an exfoliant? It can help to remove dead skin and stimulate healthy skin growth. It is well known for its antiseptic and antibiotic properties.

Apple cider vinegar has the vitamins and nutrients needed to regenerate skin cells. When applying, dilute a small amount with water. Apply to your skin and leave it for a few minutes before washing the mixture off with water.

Along with oatmeal, it can be used to exfoliate your skin and soothe Eczema symptoms in baths. Be sure to use the right amount of dilution to prevent irritation. Consult a doctor or dermatologist for more feedback.

4. Turmeric

Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies – Turmeric

Turmeric is a herb well known for its anti-inflammatory properties that contains curcumin. Curcumin is a rich in antibacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties compound.

Turmeric cream can help speed up wound healing and reduce scarring for Cesarean wounds according to a 2015 study.

Top tip, you can actually mix honey and turmeric together for a more effective paste to treat Eczema scars. Apply the paste and let it sit on your skin for 10-20 minutes, then rinse off with lukewarm water.

5. Sunflower Oil

Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies – Sunflower Oil

Another oil on the list! This time it is sunflower oil, made by extracting the oils from sunflower seeds. Sunflower oil has proven benefits to the skin that makes it enticing to use.

Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Sunflower oil is commonly used in food as a frying oil, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient.

Sunflower oil can hydrate skin, preventing inflammation and itching. It protects the skin’s out layer, which keeps the bacteria out. This is proven by research, making it a must to try out in terms of natural remedies.

6. Colloidal Oatmeal

Natural Dry and Sensitive Skin Remedies – Colloidal Oatmeal

Colloidal Oatmeal is a popular treatment to help calm and soften inflamed skin. Colloidal oatmeal is oatmeal grains that have been ground into an extremely fine powder which is then suspended in a bulking liquid.

The properties of the colloidal oatmeal mixture are often derived from the suspension liquid. It can be used as a moisturizer and helps to soothe itchy, scratchy skin or eczema-esque symptoms. It should not be ingested. 

The most popular methods of using colloidal oatmeal in a lukewarm bath and to use it as a paste and apply it to your skin. It should be noted that you must check whether you have an allergic reaction to oats or not first before trying this remedy out.

The Dark Side of Maybelline’s Superstay Matte Lipstick

Lipsticks have evolved over decades and now it’s become an irreplaceable part of our beauty routine, be it to feel pretty or to condition lips and prevent it from chapping. Personally, I’ve never really used lipstick due to the fact that I was worried about the chemicals in lipsticks getting into my body during a meal or when I lick my lips.

I came across raving reviews and shiny posters advertising Maybelline’s Superstay Matte Lipstick which had gained a cult like following from women from all walks of life. Many claimed they only had to touch up their lips once a day and that it remained on their lips for a very long time. Was this it? Is this product the solution for not ingesting as much lipstick?

Maybeline’s Superstay matte lipstick features:

  • Stays on for 16+ hours
  • Does not smudge on masks

I decided to verify this product myself and vlogged myself using the product for a few days. I was still iffy about putting it on my lips so I swatched in on my arm. True to its claim, it stayed on for more than 5 days through various showers and washes. In fact, it stayed on so long and effectively that a Superstay remover was needed specifically to remove the product. Using common make up removers just doesn’t cut it. Check out this video snippet featuring 1Source’s resident pharmaceutical chemist, to learn more!

Snippet of video:

Why does this specific brand stay on for so long?

C30-45 Alkyldimethylsilyl Polypropylsilsesquioxane is a long, synthetic hydrocarbon chain specially designed to replicate wax for long lasting lipstick.

Why does only a special type of make up remover work?

The longer the hydrocarbon chain, the more non-polar a compound is. As C30-45 Alkyldimethylsilyl Polypropylsilsesquioxane is a fairly long compound, it requires a similarly long hydrocarbon solvent, such as Octyldodecanol to dissolve or remove it. Common make-up wipes / removers tend to consist of short hydrocarbon chains, like ethanol, which are ineffective.

A closer look at ingredient components:

I use ingredient analyzers to vet the safety of my products and a quick search on the 1Source database yielded a detailed list of ingredients in the product. I was shocked to learn that a number of products were rated 7 and above, meaning toxic if ingested and swallowed on the Potential Risk Index, and that up to two ingredients were banned in some countries.

Ingredients banned in certain parts of the world:

Colorant: Red 22 Lake; CI 45380

Colorants are pigments or dyes that are added in order to change or enhance the color. This particular colorant, Red 22 Lake, has been prohibited by the European Commission for use in cosmetic products, particularly hair dye products. *For the sake of consumer safety, 1Source interprets and extends this to all cosmetic applications.

PRI for Phenoxyethanol

Preservative: Phenoxyethanol

Infamous in the cosmetic industry for being a preservative and disinfectant, the overall rating for phenoxyethanol is 4, however it is very damaging towards aquatic life, hence earning it a 10 in environment.

This ingredient, also found in Kylie Skin, is an environmental pollutant chemical toxic to sea creatures. The Republic of Palau has since issued a new law that banned sunscreen products containing phenoxyethanol since January 2020.

Seeing as how certain ingredients have a high rating on the Potential Risk Index, I feel uneasy about using this line of lipsticks. Yes, its long lasting and anti smudge features are attractive, meaning less of it will be consumed, however, ingredients are banned for a reason, and personally, I would not want them in my body at all.

Why is My Eczema Getting Worse During Lock-down?

Evaluative Thinking: The Heart of (Meaningful, Useful) Evaluation - The  IllumiLab

It has been a rough 2020 for us, with our Eczema flaring up more often during the lockdown caused by the pandemic Coronavirus. Many of us have flocked onto social media to voice our discomfort, trying to find answers to our problems.

What is the Cause?

The answer to the question everybody wants to know, what is the cause of my flare ups again? We need to take in consideration how much has changed in our daily routine. Before we start considering what may of been the trigger for our lock-down flare ups, we should write a before and after list.

Before and After List

The first thing we should we do is write down what we used to do in our daily routine before the lockdown. This should be detailed, as the more information you have to work with, the more chance of finding a solution. We should consider every aspect of our lives. Here are a few things that we can note down:

  • Our diet
  • Physical exercise/activity
  • What products we use on our body
  • Products used around the house

For our after list, we should note the changes of what we wrote in the before page/column. We should also note down the following:

  • New products introduced because of lockdown
  • Any changes in our usage/dosage of products

Compare the two lists. You should notice that a lot of things have changed, meaning that the cause of your flare ups can be a number of reasons. We must recognise that at this current time, our skin just cannot cope with all these sudden changes over a prolonged time. It was used to a set routine that we need to get back to.

Hand Sanitizers

Since the spike of cases around the world, the demand for cleaning products are at an all time high. Hand sanitizers and soaps were the first two cleaning products to be sold out in shops because of the transmission of diseases through hands. We use our hands all the time and we simply don’t know what we are truly touching.

All Eczema sufferers know that we need to be very careful when trying out new products. We all stocked up on any hand sanitizer we can get our hands on and didn’t take note of what is actually in the bottle.

Harmful Hand Sanitizers
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is dial-614x1024.jpg

An example of why we should be checking hand sanitizer ingredients before applying them onto our skin is Dial Antibacterial Hand Sanitizer.

It has a number of alarming ingredients. Diazolidinylurea can function as an antimicrobial preservative that actively kills and inhibits the growth of unwanted microorganisms which may be harmful. It has the safety hazard of causing allergic skin reactions and has potential health concerns for dermatitis and eczema users.

Another harmful ingredient in the product is another antimicrobial preservative called methylparaben. It is is an interesting ingredient as it is now banned in Palau due to the damages it can cause to coral reefs. If it can cause long lasting damages to the aquatic wildlife, the question is, what kind of damage can do to our skin? It has the safety hazards of skin irritation and potential health concerns for dermatitis.

Home Environment

With the deep concern of how easily the virus can spread, it has caused an uproar in excessive cleaning. Eczema is not compatible with cleaning products. Coming in contact with these products will cause irritation. Use gloves and ensure you don’t overdo it.

Although on the other end of the spectrum, we might not be cleaning enough! Since we are staying in one environment, we need to make sure that our surroundings are clean. We need to consider what is being contained in your living quarters. For myself, cleaning the house top to bottom gives me great satisfaction and puts my mind at ease. A healthy mind will lead to healthy skin!

Over Hand Washing
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is hands-1024x576.jpg

We have all been recommended to wash our hands more (I hope you have been doing so). In our household we probably wash our hands more than ever before. Eczema users know that we need non fragrant soap with the most natural ingredients possible. Though there is a deeper trigger.

Continually washing our hands constantly can reactivate dormant eczema. Our skin has natural barriers and oils which over washing with soaps strips off. Breaking down the barriers can result in more water loss through the outer layers of the skin. Dryness and cracking with the possible risk of infection are caused through excessive washing.

Humidity

Skin thrives off humidity. If you haven’t got a good flow of air, then you must consider getting a humidifier. Eczema can suffer in dry environments so you must consider if you need a humidifier to increase the moisture in the air, especially if you are not getting enough natural air circulation.

Over Applying Creams

One of the BIGGEST problems we have when at home and fighting flare ups. We can’t do the things we want to do, so we apply more cream. DO NOT go over the recommended dosages for any kind of creams. Keep a consistent skincare routine.

What can we do?

We need to try and get back to the routine before the pandemic as quickly as possible. Recognise the changes and sudden urge to splash products on yourself. Take time to analyse the products you are using by checking their ingredients.

If you need to analyse products, I highly suggest using 1Source.com as they decode and analyse products for you by simply searching their database on their website or scanning the bar code through their app!

6 Eczema Myths

Eczema is a skin condition that has many sufferers in the world. Over 10% of the population in United States have it. Patches of skin can be itchy, inflamed, cracked and rough. There is a lot to be learned on the condition, but what are the myths of Eczema?

1. Eczema can be cured

The solution that every Eczema sufferer is looking for, is Eczema curable? As a longtime sufferer, I have been searching, researching, looking, you name it for this solution. Unfortunately, the answer is… there is no cure for eczema.

BUT it can be managed! Luckily for myself I got to that stage through trial and error. In rare cases you can grow out of it, but every Eczema case is different. One of the best ways to manage Eczema is finding an ointment that is compatible and is able to get rid of the irritants that you have.

Don’t know if the product you are using is good or not? Check our product reviews or use 1Source to decode the ingredients for you!

2. Eczema is contagious

Bizarrely, this myth is one of the most common! As a kid I remember getting ask this a lot. If you touch Eczema, can you catch it? If you live with somebody with Eczema, will you get it eventually?

Despite the exact cause of Eczema is still largely unknown, it is believed to do with genes, allergens, and environmental factors. It is NOT contagious, it is a genetic condition. Although, Eczema can spread infection through severe cases.

3. If you have Eczema, your child will get it

A family member having Eczema can increase the possibility of getting Eczema. There is an 80% chance of a child having Eczema if both of the parents have it. There are many types of Eczemas which do not entirely relate to genes.

I fall into the category of inheriting from my mother. Guess I didn’t beat the odds!

4. Eczema will disappear on its own

I wish. Oh how I wish! Treating Eczema with ointments is an effective way of preventing it from becoming more severe. With no treatment, Eczema can get more inflamed, leading to scratching and bacterial infections.

Eczema cannot clear up on its own. It is only possible if you are using skin oils, creams or medication that is used to help the symptoms.

5. Eczema is a disease for children

As mentioned before, you do not grow out of Eczema. It is a big misconception that it is only a skin condition for children. Babies can get atopic dermatitis, a type of Eczema. As we grow grow older, we can develop other types of Eczema.

If you don’t believe adults can get Eczema, then check out the Eczema Stories! There are many online communities connecting adult Eczema sufferers, sharing their experiences. I highly recommend you go to Reddit to find the Eczema community, as many tell their own story with no judgement.

6. Eczema is nothing

This one is the hardest to deal with. Many people believe that Eczema is not a big deal. I am sure most Eczema sufferers have heard the terms:

  • don’t scratch!
  • why don’t you try…
  • stop doing…

We have heard it all! Eczema not only affects our physical skin, but it also has a HUGE impact on our mental health. The most common symptom is an intense itch which can become uncontrollable. Excessive scratching can lead to bleeding, then to infection.

The problem Eczema sufferers face is that it cannot be cured. There is no quick fix and every case is different.

For more information on Eczema, I highly recommend going to the prime source, the National Eczema Association.

Press: Interview with Headline Daily HK

English translation of Cantonese interview with Headline Daily.

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus serves as a catalyst for everyone to start paying more attention to their personal health. 1Source, a “locally born” ingredient analyzer platform was created to allow consumers to understand the chemical ingredients in various products and inform them of potential health risks.  The platform harbours an impressive list of 150,000 product ingredients in both English and Chinese, two primary languages favored in Hong Kong. 

頭條日報 – 訪問產品成分解碼平台《1Source》創辦人游斌。 黃頌偉攝(Pix By : Wong Chung Wai) 2020/08/18 港聞

Russell Yau discovered the need for an ingredient analyzer platform while working at Sunkids, a kindergarten his wife founded. Many of his students suffered from eczema. It was one fateful skincare lecture to the students’ parents that made Russell acknowledge the big gap in the market and inspired him to invest millions to establish a health information platform. In the early days of 1Source’s conception, his team spent a year simply collecting medical information and processing massive amounts of chemical data. He also partnered with various doctors, chemists, information technologists, and other professionals and finally launched a mobile app and website in 2018 and 2019, respectively. 

1Source is both a website and a free mobile app. Users can analyze their products by scanning the barcode on the product packaging or photographing the ingredient label and uploading it on the platform to get a detailed analysis in real time. The platform evaluates the health impacts of each chemical compound in 4 major categories: inhalation, swallowing, skin exposure and environment. The associated Potential Risk IndexⓇ is being calculated with the relevant scientific and medical data and churns out a number from 1 to 10, the higher the score the more dangerous. Products and ingredients rated 4 or below are generally safe while ingredients in products rated 10 are banned by a government entity, or being classified as carcinogens by the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer(IARC).

The application system also features personalized functions. When looking for products, users can use the product screening engine to filter products according to one’s personal health conditions. The user only needs to enter his personal health status in the “Settings” field, and when searching in the future, the system will remind the user which ingredients may not be suitable for them. 

If users are unable to find the products they are looking for, users are invited to upload their products to the database. The founder hopes that more companies will use its product screening engine in the future so that consumers can be empowered to make smarter and more meaningful purchasing decisions.

Tips to Treat and Prevent Maskne Breakouts

In order to curb the transmission of Covid-19 infections, the world has seen a change in attitudes towards wearing masks. Although initially met with resistance from renown organizations, the WHO and politicians including Trump have changed their tune over the past few months. Singapore which used to discourage citizens from wearing masks now make it compulsory to wear one outside or risk a fine of S $300 while one can be arrested or punished for not wearing a mask in China.

It is imperative to wear masks to protect ourselves and others as a published study of cases found that those with asymptomatic symptoms could have been responsible for nearly 80% of positive virus cases. As countries battle against the second waves and reinfections, it looks like we have to accept wearing masks as the new normal.

The little amount of time we spend wearing a mask while making trips to the grocery store or walking our pets can result in acne, rashes and blackheads according to the American Academy of Dermatology. A study in China showed that frontline healthcare workers were especially susceptible to skin issues related due to wearing masks for a long period of time. Although this is unsightly and annoying, we shouldn’t let bad skin prevent us from wearing masks. In this article, we compiled a series of tips and tricks to remedy and prevent the formation of Maskne.

What is Maskne?

Maskne, a clever combination of “mask” and “acne” refer to breakouts caused by sweat, oil and bacteria that interact and irritate the skin under the mask. This type of breakout is specifically caused by masks where else other breakouts are caused by other factors such as hereditary issues or hormones.

How to treat maskne?

No matter how well we try to take care of our skin, we still risk breaking out. We compiled a list of tips and tricks from the American Academy of Dermatology Association on how to treat maskne.

Different symptoms require different methods of treatment. It is always suggested to consult your dermatologist before trying out any treatments.

  • Acne: It is advised to wash your face no more than twice a day to prevent skin from being inflamed due to too much washing. Use non-comedogenic moisturizer after washing. Monitor how your skin reacts to face masks. If a new brand of face masks causes or worsens your acne, consult a board-certified dermatologist for the best way to treat your skin.
  • Raw, irritated skin: Use spot treatment and apply petroleum jelly to inflamed parts of your face before bed. Petroleum jelly acts as an emollient that softens and soothes the skin.

Skip the makeup when wearing a mask: Makeup may collect dirt and bacteria that clogs pores and lead to breakouts. If make up is necessary, select mineral based cosmetic products which are “non-comedogenic” ( does not clog the pores).

Wash your cloth face masks: This may sound like the obvious thing to do but it is crucial to wash your mask properly to remove germs and oil from irritating your skin and prevent bacteria from breeding. Masks is advised to be washed by hand or washing machine after each use according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is advised to strictly follow washing instructions and to use a fragrance-free, hypoallergenic laundry detergent to prevent skin irritation.

How to Avoid Maskne?

Cleanse and moisturize daily: Dry skin can result from long periods of using face masks. Apply moisturizer immediately after washing your face to reduce dryness. Bear in mind to choose a mild, fragrance-free cleanser to prevent further skin irritation. Board-certified dermatologist Carrie L. Kovarik, MD, FAAD, recommends using a moisturizer with one of the following ingredients:

When selecting a moisturizer which is the best fit for your skin type, here is a reference compiled by the American Academy of Dermatology Association.

Skip the makeup when wearing a mask: Makeup may collect dirt and bacteria that clogs pores and lead to breakouts. If make up is necessary, select mineral based cosmetic products which are “non-comedogenic” ( does not clog the pores).

Wash your cloth face masks: This may sound like the obvious thing to do but it is crucial to wash your mask properly to remove germs and oil from irritating your skin and prevent bacteria from breeding. Masks is advised to be washed by hand or washing machine after each use according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is advised to strictly follow washing instructions and to use a fragrance-free, hypoallergenic laundry detergent to prevent skin irritation.

Avoid trying new skin care products: Wearing a mask can make skin more sensitive than normal. Hence, resist the urge to try harsh products during this time to avoid skin problems. Daniela Kroshinsky, MD, MPH, FAAD advises us to avoid chemical peels, exfoliants or retinoids, and instead stick to the cosmetic products that we are familiar with.

Wear the right mask: Here is a description of what makes a good mask, according to The American Academy of Dermatology Association .

Synthetic fabrics such as nylon, polyester and rayon are advised to be avoided as they have a higher probability of instigating breakouts. A snug, comfortable fit is important as we are more likely to adjust a mask that doesn’t fit well and introduce germs to our faces. Furthermore, the poor fitting may end up irritating skin and causing acne.

Hydrocortisone, A Step Back for Eczema Sufferers


Hydrocortisone is a common facial steroid cream used to treat Eczema, but should you use it? Before you read this article, I highly suggest you read 1Source’s article on steroid creams and how harmful they can be.

What is Hydrocortisone?

Hydrocortisone creams area a type of medicine known as a ‘steroid’. They are used on the skin to treat various conditions like swelling, itching and irritation. It is a common steroid cream for Eczema and are considered to be quite mild. The majority of hydrocortisone creams are mild at 1% strength, but can go up to 2.5% (25mg hydrocortisone in each gram of cream).

Pharmacy’s can only hydrocortisone creams up a maximum strength of 1%. To get a stronger cream, you must contact your doctor and get a prescription.

Hydrocortisone is not recommended for children under 10 years. It can be prescribed by a doctor. All instructions from a doctor should be followed when applying hydrocortisone as it can be damaging. The recommended time period to use the cream is no longer than a week. The cream cannot be used by anyone trying to get pregnant, are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How should I use hydrocortisone?

The amount of cream that should be used is measured by fingertip units. One fingertip should be enough for an area that is the size of your hand. You should definitely not go over the recommended amount.

Hydrocortisone is better for skin which is moist and weepy, with clear or yellow fluid. As it is a thicker and greasier ointment, it is better for dry or flaky areas of skin.

It is recommended to not use hydrocortisone with other creams at the same time. A good time period is at least 10 minutes between products. In an ideal situation, you should use the different products at different times of the day.

What is in Hydrocortisone creams?

The main ingredient in Hydrocortisone cream is, hydrocortisone! A generally safe ingredient, but it should be noted that it is suspected of damaging fertility and can cause damage to organs through prolonged/repeated exposure. It has many potential health concerns and benefits, which emphasises the importance of following the instructions of the product.

Hydrocortisone creams can have other ingredients. Consumers should always check the ingredients label, as they can contain harmful ingredients.

Walgreens Hydrocortisone Cream 1% Maximum Strength Aloe

Walgreen’s Hydrocortisone Cream 1% Maximum Strength Aloe has two harmful ingredients that come with the steroid cream. It has Benzyl Alcohol and Methylparaben, both which can cause skin irritation. To view all the ingredients in the product, you use 1Source.com to decode the product and analyse the ingredients for you! Click here.

Should I Use Hydrocortisone?

Unless you have severe Eczema, you should avoid steroid creams, especially on the face. There has been links with excessive use of steroid creams can cause thinning of the skin, making it more prone to outbreaks.

I went off hydrocortisone creams and saw great improvements when adopting a simple skincare routine for my face. It should be noted that in the short term, steroid creams can have an effect. In the long term, there is more damage. To read my story, click here.

What is TSW?

Red Skin Syndrome, or Tropical Steroid Withdrawal (TSW) are a result of long term users of tropical steroids stopping their usage. TSW can include the following symptoms:

  • Red skin
  • Burning sensation
  • Itchiness

Tropical steroids have been used for over 50 years in treating eczema and atopic dermatitis. To this day, it still remains one of the most effective drugs in dermatology as it works directly with the natural system in the body.

It must be noted that the condition does not occur with normal use. It generally requires the application of a tropical steroid like hydrocortisone at least daily for more than a year.

For more information on TSW visit here.

References

5 Beauty Ingredients You Should Avoid

Ingredient labels on beauty products can be extremely confusing, and it may feel like you need a degree in chemistry to understand terms like Glycolic acid and parabens. The chemical jargon is due to the usage of International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) system to standardize the naming of ingredients globally. The results? It makes no sense to shoppers.

We come into contact with more than 500 chemicals and toxic substances everyday, according to Medical News Today. It is impossible to avoid chemicals completely, but what we can do is be aware of ingredients that are linked to serious health issues and avoid products that contain certain harmful ingredients and reduce our exposure to them. To make things easy, we have compiled 10 beauty ingredients that you should be wary of.

1. Parabens

Parabens are commonly found in shampoos, moisturizers and body lotions

Rating on 1Source:

Use:

  • Preservatives
  • Fragrances within cosmetic products

Warnings:

  • May cause an allergic reaction and irritation to skin
  • Parabens have been found to interfere with hormone functions as it interferes with estrogen, which causes cancer cells to divide

Laws and Legislation:

  • In Taiwan, the “Standard Table for Cosmetic Preservatives” is limited to 1%

2. Triclosan

Triclosan is commonly found in consumer products, including toothpaste, soaps, detergents and sunscreens.

Rating on 1Source:

Use:

  • Antiseptic / Disinfectant
  • antibacterial and antifungal agent 

Warnings:

  • may cause low-grade colonic inflammation and exacerbate colon-associated diseases
  • Persistence in the human body despite only being exposed to small concentrations

Laws and Legislation:

  • FDA has removed Triclosan from GRAS as of 19 Dec 2017
  • Banned in the EU market since 2017
  • Banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site

3. Phenoxyethanol

Phenoxyethanol is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor, it’s most famous appearance in Kylie Jenner’s skincare line. This naturally found or synthetically manufactured compound is a glycol ether used as a perfume fixative, insect repellent, antiseptic, solvent, preservative.

Rating on 1Source:

Use:

  • Actively kills and inhibits the growth of unwanted microorganisms which may be harmful
  • Antioxidant
  • Prevents growth of unwanted microorganisms
  • Used to treat, alleviate, cure or prevent sickness
  • Preservative-

Cons:

  • May cause central nervous system toxicity in newborns
  • May cause a localized toxic sensation of burning and itching to exposed area
  • May be responsible for starting or make neuronal cell damage worse

Laws and Legislation:

  • EU SCCS has classified phenoxyethanol as safe for use as a preservative with a maximum concentration of 1.0%
  • Banned in all sunscreen products from January 1 2020 by the Republic of Palau to protect its coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Site

4. Hydroquinone

Produced as an inhibitor, an antioxidant, and an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, motor fuels, and oils; in photographic processing; and naturally in certain plant species, Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties.

Rating on 1Source:

Use:

  • Skin lightening agent
  • Antioxidant – Reduces oxidation to prevent the formation of free radicals which may be harmful to health.

How it works: The chemical inhibits skin discoloration process by interacting with melanin producing cells and decreasing production of pigment

Warnings:

  • It is effective only temporarily and may lighten the surrounding skin, creating “halo” spots, or white spots on your skin
  • Hydroquinone is a phenol derivative with antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs

5. Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a colorless poisonous gas synthesized by the oxidation of methanol and used as an antiseptic, disinfectant, histologic fixative, and general-purpose chemical reagent for laboratory applications. It is commonly found in nail polish, hair products, moisturizers.

Rating on 1 Source:

Use:

  • Serves as an antimicrobial preservative that actively kills and inhibits the growth of unwanted microorganisms which may be harmful
  • Acts as a stabilizer and retains the physical characteristics of cosmetics by ensuring the mixture remains in an even state

Warnings:

  • Toxicity
  • Volatility

Laws and Legislation:

  • In 2011, the US National Toxicology Program described formaldehyde as “known to be a human carcinogen”
  • Classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Hong Kong Consumer Council has implied that formaldehyde should not be present in school uniform materials

Fenty Skin is Deceptive to their Audience

In July 2020, megastar Rihanna announced she was launching a skin care brand called Fenty Skin under the Fenty Beauty brand. Her line which consists of a serum, cleanser and moisturizer was released in August 2020.

Who is Rihanna?

Rihanna gained global recognition following the release of her first two studio albums, ‘Music of the Sun’ (2005) and ‘A Girl Like Me’ (2006) which peaked within the top ten of the US Billboard 200 chart. Since then, she has sold over 250 million records, making her one of the world’s best selling artists. Her accolades are vast, including 9 Grammy Awards.

What is Fenty Skin?

Inspired by her global lifestyle, Fenty Skin is a skin care line driven by Rihanna after having bad encounters with products in the past. The line prioritizes clean formulas that are vegan and gluten free, with an Earth-conscious approach to their packaging.

The line recommends a simple 3 step plan for skin care starters.

FENTY SKIN TOTAL CLEANS'R REMOVE-IT-ALL CLEANSER

Step 1: Remove and Cleanse

FENTY SKIN FAT WATER PORE-REFINING TONER SERUM

Step 2: Tone and Treat

FENTY SKIN HYDRA VIZOR INVISIBLE MOISTURIZER BROAD SPECTRUM SPF 30 SUNSCREEN

Step 3: Hydrate and Protect

Fenty Skin Deceptive Marketing?

Use together to brighten skin, reduce the look of pores and target dark spots. Clean, vegan, Earth-conscious.

According the 1Source system, there are a number of ‘use sparingly’ ingredients in the Fenty Skin products. An example of one of the harsh ingredients is Benzyl Salicylate, which can cause allergic skin reaction, serious eye irritation and has potential health concerns for dermatitis users.

Though there is one ingredient that stands out that makes Fenty Skin deceptive in their marketing campaign, Phenoxyethanol.

Phenoxyethanol – Not Earth-Conscious

Phenoxyethanol is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. It is a glycol ether used as a perfume fixative, insect repellent, antiseptic, solvent, preservative, and also as an anesthetic in fish aquaculture.

Phenoxyethanol is rapidly absorbed through the skin within 24 hours. It can cause a localized toxic sensation of burning and itching through the exposure of dermal tissues. Phenoxyethanol showed the lowest cytotoxicity out of most parabens and triclosans, though human patch tests showed it to have a higher skin irritation potential compared to methylparaben and triclosan.

 The EU SCCS has classified phenoxyethanol as safe for use as a preservative with a maximum concentration of 1.0%. However, care should still be taken when using products with phenoxyethanol, given its potential as a skin irritant.

Safety and Hazards

  • Harmful if swallowed
  • Causes skin irritation
  • Causes serious eye irritation
  • May cause drowsiness or dizziness

Potential Health Concerns For:

  • Dermatitis, Atopic

Palau Sunscreen Ban

Since January 2020, the Republic of Palau issued a new law that banned skincare products containing Phenoxyethanol as it is a known environmental pollutant chemical that can be incredibly toxic to juvenile stages of many wildlife species in the ocean.

Fenty Beauty Harmful?

Fenty Beauty also has harmful ingredients according to the 1Source.com system. Fenty Beauty boasts it is suitable for all skin types. Lets take a closer at some of the products that have the highest Potential Risk Index.

FENTY BEAUTY By Rihanna Pro Kiss'R Duo: Scrubstick + Lip Balm Set
FENTY BEAUTY By Rihanna Pro Kiss'R Luscious Lip Balm

The two Fenty Beauty lip balms have an ingredient that scores a 10. Red 30 Lake is a colorant that is added in order to change or enhance the color. According to the regulatory references, it is a substance prohibited for cosmetic products in the EU. It also is highly toxic for aquatic life with long lasting effects.

FENTY BEAUTY By Rihanna Snow Daze & Snow Nights Frosted Metal Lipstick 3-Pc Set

The three piece lipstick set by Fenty Beauty has a number of alarming ingredients. An alarming ingredient called polyethylene is the one that stands out as it has a number of safety hazards.

Polyethylene may cause respiratory irritation, drowsiness or dizziness. It can cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated use.

Polytheylene is in a number of Fenty Beauty products and we recommend you use our 1Source system to analyse the ingredients in a product. To view the most highest potential risk Fenty Beuaty products, click the link here.